The ACT Math test consists of 60 questions that must be answered within the 60-minute time limit. All of the math questions are five-choice, multiple-choice questions. These questions draw from six areas of math that most students have covered by the end of their 11th grade year: pre-algebra, elementary algebra, intermediate algebra, coordinate geometry, plane geometry, and trigonometry. Below you can find more detailed information about the specific skills these questions test, as well as sample ACT Math questions and answer explanations.
Math Questions (Total of 60 questions) | ||
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Math Area | Examples | # of Questions |
Pre-Algebra |
whole numbers, fractions, decimals, and integers; positive integer powers and square roots; ratio, proportion, and percent; multiples and factors; absolute value; one variable, linear equations; probability and counting problems; data interpretation; and mean, median, and mode |
14 questions |
Elementary Algebra |
variables, polynomials, factoring, quadratic equations, linear inequalities, integer exponents, and square roots |
10 questions |
Intermediate Algebra |
quadratic formula, radical and rational expressions, inequalities, absolute value, sequences, systems of equations, quadratic inequalities, functions, matrices, polynomial roots, and complex numbers |
9 questions |
Coordinate Geometry |
number line graphs; graphs of points, lines, polynomials, circles, and other curves; relationships between equations and graphs; slope; properties of parallel and perpendicular lines; distance formula; midpoint formula; transformations; and conics |
9 questions |
Plane Geometry |
plane figures (triangles, rectangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, circles); angles; parallel lines; perpendicular lines; translations, reflections, and rotations; 3-D geometry; perimeter, area, and volume; and logical reasoning and proofs |
14 questions |
Trigonometry |
right triangle trigonometric ratios; trigonometric functions, identities, and equations; and trigonometric functions modeling |
4 questions |