The SAT Math sections consist of a total of 54 questions: 44 multiple-choice questions and 10 student-produced response questions. The five-choice multiple-choice questions require students to solve a problem and select the best answer from the available choices. The student-produced response questions require students to solve a problem and grid the correct answer; the questions do not provide answer choices.

The SAT Math questions draw from four areas of math: number and operations; algebra and functions; geometry and measurement; and data analysis, statistics, and probability. Below you can find more detailed information about the specific skills these questions test.

Math AreaExamples# of Questions

Number and Operations

properties of integers; arithmetic word problems; number lines; squares and square roots; fractions and rational numbers; factors, multiples, and remainders; prime numbers; ratios, proportions, and percents; sequences; sets; counting problems; and logical reasoning

11-13 questions

Algebra and Functions

operations on algebraic expressions; factoring; exponents; evaluating expressions with exponents and roots; solving equations; absolute value; direct translation into mathematical expressions; inequalities; systems of linear equations and inequalities; factoring; rational equations and inequalities; direct and inverse variation; word problems; and functions

19-21 questions

Geometry and Measurement

geometric notation; points and lines; angles in the plane; triangles; quadrilaterals; areas and perimeters; other polygons; circles; solid geometry; geometric perception; coordinate geometry; and transformations

14-16 questions

Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability

data interpretation; statistics; elementary probability; and geometric probability

6-7 questions